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is this the world’s oldest form of hot chocolate? traces of drinks made from cacao are found in 5,300 year old pottery in south america

by:KingKonree     2020-02-28
A new study suggests that 1,500 years before Mexicans began planting the plant, the ancients in South America may have become interested in hot chocolate.
It is believed that food was grown by people in Central America around 1,900 BC.
However, new archaeological evidence suggests that the tree was harvested by people living in the Amazon basin and the foothills of the Andes mountains around 3,400 BC.
Experts say pottery found next to the remains of cocoa beans suggests that they eat cocoa beans as a drink.
Researchers from Columbia University in the UK claim that the love of chocolate has spread from there to the north.
Video producer scroll down to study ceramic artwork in Santa Ana
Located in Florida, Ecuador, it is the earliest known Mayo site.
The discovery was made at least 5,450 years ago by the occupied Chinchipe culture.
Archaeological evidence dating back to the use of cocoa 3,900 years ago suggests that cocoa trees were first domesticated in Central America.
New genetic evidence suggests that cocoa trees and related species have the highest diversity in equatorial South America, where cocoa is important for contemporary indigenous groups.
The researchers looked for clues in ceramic fragments unearthed from archaeological sites and found traces of cocoa, suggesting that cocoa was used much earlier than expected.
This new study shows us the people who extend upstream of the Amazon basin to the foothills of the Andes mountains in southeast Ecuador, and are harvesting and consuming cocoa that appears to be a close relative of the type of cocoa used later in Mexico.
They did it 1,500 years ago.
Professor Michael Black, author, from the Department of Anthropology at the University.
They are also using elaborate pottery.
Pottery found in Central America and Mexico.
This suggests that cocoa beans may be a drink, it is a popular thing, most likely spread north by farmers who grow cocoa, and now it is Colombia, eventually Panama and the rest of Central America and southern Mexico.
\"The cocoa tree, known as the cocoa tree, is an important crop in the former culture.
Central American Colombian
This is a historical and cultural region of North America, extending from central Mexico to northern Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
Cocoa beans are used both as currency and as chocolate drinks consumed during banquets and ceremonies.
But ceramic art shows that it is highly valued by Mayo.
Chinese culture occupying the site of Santa Ana --
Florida, Ecuador, at least 5,450 years ago.
The researchers proved Mayo with three pieces of evidence.
Chinchipe culture used cocoa 5,300 to 2,100 years ago.
They found starch particles specific to the cocoa tree in ceramic vessels and broken pottery.
There is also a residue of cocoa ash in the cocoa tree, which found a bitter biological alkali substance, as well as an ancient DNA fragment with a unique sequence of the tree.
The results show that Mayo
At least 1,500 years before the cocoa tree was used in Central America, the Chinchipe people domesticated it.
Some works of art from Santa Ana
Florida is linked to the Pacific coast, suggesting that trade in goods, including culturally important plants, may have started cocoa\'s North voyage.
Lead author Sonia Zarillo, an assistant professor at the University of Calgary on a part-time basis, added: \"Three independent archaeological evidence first recorded the presence of ancient cocoa in the Americas: starch granules, these three methods of chemical biomarkers of ancient DNA sequences are combined to finalize a plant that is difficult to trace in archaeological records, because the seeds and other parts are in a humid, warm tropical environment.
Professor Black added that it is important to find out the origin of the food we rely on today, as it helps us understand the complex history of who we are today.
He said: \"Today, we all depend to some extent on the food created by the Native American people, and one of the most popular foods in the world is chocolate.
The study is published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution.
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